Equal Rights Amendment
Section 1. Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of gender.
Section 2. The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.
Section 3. This amendment shall take effect two years after the date of ratification.
Alice Paul, 1885-1977
Alice Paul and the National Woman's Party she founded
pushed President Woodrow Wilson to support women's
right to vote. In its campaign for a suffrage
amendment, the NWP stationed pickets in front of the
White House - the first group ever to do so. After the
19th Amendment secured women's voting rights 1920, Paul
turned her attention to writing an Equal Rights
Amendment. "We shall not be safe until the principle of
equal rights is written into the framework of our
government," she said. The ERA - first introduced in
Congress in 1923 and finally passed by both houses in
1972 - failed to win ratification by the states by a
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