The Pledge of Allegiance
"I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America,
and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God,
indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."
Francis Bellamy, the author of these words, was an ordained
minister, magazine writer, and Freemason who stated that his
aim was to say "what our republic meant and what
was the underlying spirit of its life."
Bellamy wrote the Pledge of Allegiance in 1892 as
part of the 400th anniversary of the discovery of
America by Columbus.
It was embraced by the nation and almost immediately became
a part of the school-day ritual. Bellamy's
original text has been altered twice. In 1923, the words
"the flag of the United States of America" were substituted
for the words "my flag". Congress officially recognized the
Pledge in 1942 and added the words "under God" in 1954.
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