the largest family
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Flycatcher, common name for passerine birds of several unrelated
families, many having the habit of capturing insects in the air.
The tyrant flycatchers are the largest family of passerine birds,
with approximately 365 species.
Members of all flycatcher groups have several common characteristics.
Most are relatively small and are extremely active. Most have
flattened bills, with long bristles at the base. Their legs and feet
are usually small and weak, and many species have crests.
Most build open nests, but some construct long pouches.
The best-known North American species include the kingbirds
and the phoebes.
Flycatchers are members of the family of passerine birds.
Tyrant Flycatchers are large headed, broad billed and short
legged birds. They perch on bare branches or wires. Most nest
in trees or shrubs.
Food is mainly flying insects.
Many of the small species flip their tails.
Tyrant Flycatchers include:
Rose Throated Becard
Scissor Tailed Flycatcher
Sulphur Bellied Flycatcher
Kingbirds are aggressive, open country flycatchers with an
almost horizontal posture.
Thick Billed Kingbird
Miarchus Flycatchers are large with an olive head and back,
yellowish belly and bright rusty tail. Belly is brighter in
They stand more erect than kingbirds.
Like to perch in the shade and nest in tree or post cavities
or bird boxes.
Miarchus Flycatchers include:
Ash Throated Flycatcher
Brown Crested Flycatcher
Dusky Capped Flycatcher
Great Crested Flycatcher
Phoebes are medium sized flycatchers. They have a habit of
leisurely jerking their long tail downward.
They are found near water but nest far from water, usually
under overhanging cliffs for banks, under bridges or eaves
or inside buildings.
They perch in the open.
Phoebes do not have an eye ring.
Epidonax flycatchers are small, short tailed birds with eye rings
and wing bars.
Most have distinctive chirps and flap their tails up then down.
Epidonax flycatchers include:
Buff Breasted Flycatcher
Eastern Wood Pewee
Northern Beardless Tyrannulet
Olive Sided Flycatcher
Western Wood Pewee
Yellow Bellied Flycatcher
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