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House Training your Puppy the fast &
Housetraining your new puppy can be easy and effective if you dedicate the
necessary time and patience. A successful plan includes supervision,
confinement, and encouragement.
Teach your puppy where you want it to eliminate, by accompanying it every
time it goes outdoors. Choose a specific location with easy access. The area
will soon become a familiar spot as the pup recognizes odor from previous
Mildly praise any sniffing or other pre-elimination behaviors. When the
puppy eliminates, praise it heartily.
Controlling your puppy's feeding schedule provides some control over its
elimination schedule. Most will eliminate within the first hour after eating.
Because of this, it is best to avoid feeding a large meal just before
Offer food two or three times each day at the same times, and make it
available for no longer than 30 minutes. The last meal should be finished
three to five hours before bedtime.
It is also important to take it outdoors after playing, drinking, or
sleeping. By scheduling feeding times, play sessions, confinement periods, and
trips outside to the "toilet" area, you will accustom your puppy to
a relatively predictable elimination schedule.
The most challenging part of the housetraining process is preventing the
pup from eliminating indoors. Until the puppy is housetrained, you will need
to provide constant supervision. When you are unable to supervise, confine the
pup to a relatively small, safe area.
Always take your puppy out to eliminate just before confinement. A wire or
plastic crate provides an excellent area in which to keep the puppy when you
cannot observe it.
If the puppy is home alone each day for long periods, restrict it to a larger
area such as a small room or exercise pen. The area should provide enough
space for the puppy to eliminate if necessary and rest several feet away from
a mess. Place paper at the sites where the puppy is likely to eliminate. To
associate good things with the confinement area, spend time in the area
playing with the puppy or simply reading nearby as it rests there.
Returning to the Scene of the Crime
To discourage the puppy from returning to previously soiled areas, remove
urine and fecal odor with an effective commercial product. If your puppy
begins eliminating in certain areas of the home, deny access by closing doors
to the rooms, utilizing baby gates, or moving furniture over the soiled areas.
Most pets prefer to avoid eliminating in areas where they eat or play. Feeding
or placing water bowls, bedding, and toys in previously soiled areas can
Keeping Your Cool
No puppy has ever been housetrained without making a mistake or two. Be
prepared for the inevitable. Punishment is the least effective and most
overused approach to housetraining.
A correction should involve nothing more than a mild, startling distraction
and should be used only if you catch the puppy in the act of eliminating
indoors. Immediately take the pup to its elimination area outdoors to finish.
A correction that occurs more than a few seconds after the puppy eliminates
is useless because it will not understand why it is being corrected.
If the punishment is too harsh, your puppy may learn not to eliminate in
front of you, even outdoors, and you run the risk of ruining your bond with
it. And don't even think about rubbing the pup's nose in a mess. There is
absolutely nothing it will learn from this, except to be afraid of you.
Some pets will squat and urinate as they greet family members. Never scold
them. This problem is due typically to nervousness or excitement, and scolding
will always make the problem worse.
Wayne L. Hunthausen, DVM,
and Gary M. Landsberg, DVM
Reward your Best Friend for Good Behavior!
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Who's your Best Friend?
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Keep your Dog in Top