Any new aquarium tank should first be given a thorough test to
ensure that it is watertight. If after 12 hours there are no
leaks, it may be emptied and placed in its final position.
Now all is ready to set up the aquarium, for this work we shall
require various items such as sand, rocks etc. These will be
death with in order. For making a bottom soil, you need, first
of all some sand, the most suitable is called 1/16th grade and
it is about the size of the average pin-head:
The gravel to be used must also be graded; that is, the gram
must be of uniform size. Sand and gravelís sold in aquarium
supply stores are always graded, but if you buy elsewhere they
may nor be. Gravel grains 2-5mm work best.
If you use nothing, but sand, it must be well washed-in
buckets, under running water until no more dirt or foam comes
to the surface - and spared out on the bottom of the tank in a
layer running from 3- 6cm thick sloping upwards from front to
back. If you decide to mix the sand with gravel to make at
least a layer 6cm deep on top of the subgravel filter since
less than this amount reduces the filtering capacity of the
Your tank is the basic element, and is of the most important in
building an aquarium. The size of the tank depends on the number
and size of fish you plan to have in it. That is why proper
planning is quite essential when you want to set up aquarium.
But then it is important to make it as big as you can afford.
By all means avoid a globe tank as much as possible. Rectangle
shape is always good because of various reasons you will
Option 1: You can buy ready made glass tanks already sealed
professionally set up aquarium tank at any aquarium store.
Option 2: Buy ready-made plastic models through distributors or
mould-extrusion manufacturers and put your aquarium tank
together yourself. Below are the tools you need and the steps
you need to take to set up completely new aquarium tank:
- Sheet of glass (4mm to 12mm)
- Silicone sealant (clear and transparent)
- Silicone gun or (syringe)
- Dulling stove
- Tape rule
- Sheet of paper, ruler, pencil and eraser
- napkin (x2)
- hand glove (rubber type)
- methylated spirit
- toilet soap and soap case
- masking tape
- flat bench (made with plywood)
- 1/4 flash
- water and siphon hose
- buckets (x2)
- polythese sheet about the size of the table
Other than that, I'll give you my 12 essential aquarium tips
below is a great start on your way to having a beautiful
aquarium full of happy and health fish that you can be proud
1. Location of the tank in a spot which is draft free and has a
moderate amount of light for 8 to 10 hours. This will ensure the
safety of the tank and the inhabitants.
2. Location of the aquarium tank where water spillage a day
will do no damage, at a height convenient for working, and in a
place where it will not have to be moved.
3. Proper sand gravel (not too large, not too fine).
4. Conditioned water - free of chlorine, dirt, excess hardness,
excess acidity, or excess alkalinity. Hard, acidic, dirty water
is not suitable for an aquarium. It will make life
uncomfortable for fish and leads to constant fish death.
5. Availability of plants properly place is highly essential.
6. Proper, even temperature for the fish species.
7. Decoration and furnishing if you desire them.
8. Aeration to supply additional oxygen.
9. Filtration to remove excesses waste products.
10. Fish which will live peacefully together.
11. Food to keep them health.
12. Kits and utensils to make maintenance easy.
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