found on oceans, lakes,
marshes and riverbanks.
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Sandpipers are shorebirds mainly native to the cold regions of the
northern hemisphere, migrating to more temperate regions in the fall.
Some species are found on marshes and wet woodlands and on
inland ponds, lakes, and rivers.
Members of the sandpiper family are characterized by long bills that
are sometimes soft at the tip and by long legs, short tails, and long,
flat, pointed wings, which have rounded wings.
Bright colors are absent in the sandpiper family; all wear various
combinations of gray, brown, buff, rufous, black, and white, often
in intricate patterns.
Many species have elaborate courtship displays, some aerial and
others in which the male struts and dances before the female. In
some the song of the male is as attractive as that of many songbirds,
but it is given only on the nesting grounds, which for most of
these is the far northern tundra.
Most sandpipers nest in shallow depressions on the ground, but
the solitary sandpiper of North America use old nests of other
birds in trees.
Sandpipers feed mainly on insects, worms, spiders and small crustaceans.
The sandpipers most frequently seen away from shorelines are the
spotted sandpiper of North America, whose white under parts bear
black spots only in spring and summer.
Sandpipers make up the family Scolopacidae in the order Charadriiformes.
Types of North American Sandpipers Include:
Buff Breasted Sandpiper
Index of North American Birds
North American Shorebirds